Commit 18229443 authored by Patrick Jaap's avatar Patrick Jaap
Browse files

LocalADOLCStiffness: use "hessian2" instead of "hess_vec"

With this commit, we do two things:

-  replace "hess_vec" with a simpler call of  "hessian" which
   calls internally "hess_vec".

- use "hessian2" by default instead of "hessian". "hessian2" calls
  internally "hess_mat" which is faster than "hessian/hess_vec".
  If the user encounters probems with the new "hessian2" driver, a
  boolean "useHessian2" can be set to false in the constructor.
parent 27528420
......@@ -27,8 +27,12 @@ class LocalADOLCStiffness
// accepts ADOL_C's "adouble" only
LocalADOLCStiffness(std::shared_ptr<Dune::Elasticity::LocalEnergy<LocalView, adouble>> energy)
// useHessian2: there are different basic drivers for computing the hessian by ADOL-C, namely "hessian" and "hessian2".
// They yield the same results, but "hessian2" seems to be faster. The user can switch to "hessian" with
// useHessian2=false. See ADOL-C spec for more info about the drivers
LocalADOLCStiffness(std::shared_ptr<Dune::Elasticity::LocalEnergy<LocalView, adouble>> energy, bool useHessian2 = true)
: localEnergy_(energy)
, useHessian2_(useHessian2)
/** \brief Compute the energy at the current configuration */
......@@ -45,6 +49,7 @@ public:
Dune::Matrix<double>& localHessian);
std::shared_ptr<Dune::Elasticity::LocalEnergy<LocalView, adouble>> localEnergy_;
const bool useHessian2_;
......@@ -110,29 +115,41 @@ assembleGradientAndHessian(const LocalView& localView,
std::vector<double> v(nDoubles);
std::vector<double> w(nDoubles);
std::fill(v.begin(), v.end(), 0.0);
for (size_t i=0; i<nDoubles; i++)
// allocate raw doubles: ADOL-C requires "**double" arguments
double* rawHessian[nDoubles];
for(size_t i=0; i<nDoubles; i++)
// Evaluate Hessian multiplied with the i-th canonical basis vector (i.e.: the i-th column of the Hessian)
v[i] = 1.;
// we need only the lower half of the hessian, thus allocate i+1 doubles only
rawHessian[i] = (double*)malloc((i+1)*sizeof(double));
// ADOL-C error code
int rc;
int rc= 3;
MINDEC(rc, hess_vec(rank, nDoubles, const_cast<double*>(,,; // ADOL-C won't accept pointers with const values
if (rc < 0)
DUNE_THROW(Dune::Exception, "ADOL-C has returned with error code " << rc << "!");
// ADOL-C won't accept pointers with const values, therefore the const_cast
if ( useHessian2_ )
rc = hessian2(rank,nDoubles,const_cast<double*>(,rawHessian);
rc = hessian(rank,nDoubles,const_cast<double*>(,rawHessian);
for (size_t j=0; j<nDoubles; j++)
localHessian[i][j] = w[j];
if (rc < 0)
DUNE_THROW(Dune::Exception, "ADOL-C has returned with error code " << rc << "!");
// Make v the null vector again
v[i] = 0.;
// copy the raw values to the localHessian
for (size_t i=0; i<nDoubles; i++)
for (size_t j=0; j<i; j++)
// we can only access the lower half of rawHessian!
localHessian[i][j] = rawHessian[i][j];
localHessian[j][i] = rawHessian[i][j];
localHessian[i][i] = rawHessian[i][i];
// TODO: implement ADOLC_VECTOR_MODE variant
// don't forget the clean everything up
for(size_t i=0; i<nDoubles; i++)
} // namespace Dune::Elasticity
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